To drill for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, has sparked great political controversy and has been the hot topic of debate among political representatives in USA, since 1977. US media has been discussing it as hot news while Democrats and Republicans, have been using it as a political tool, to win the votes of people. Drilling of oil in the 1002 area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge area has been strictly prohibited. No oil or gas exploration management is to be carried out in this area.
Oil exploration in the area will have a harmful impact on natural wildlife in the 1002 area of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge region, it will make the Porcupine Caribou and other wildlife in the area, homeless and without any shelter to protect them. Then, there are concerns regarding the amount of recoverable oil. In the words of Lois Capps, “Drilling in the refuge will not solve America’s energy problem. The energy department’s figures show that drilling would not change gas prices by more than a penny a gallon, and this would be 20 years from now.”